Annona squamosa 5+ seeds. Sugar Apple Seeds
12.71
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Scaly anona, or sugar Apple (Annona squamosa L)

Distribution. The scaly anona, or sugar Apple (1 in the picture), is considered the most valuable tropical species of anona. it is widely distributed in tropical America, Indonesia, India, the Philippines, Cambodia, southern China, tropical Australia, and is found on the Islands of reunion and Mauritius. Successfully cultivated in the tropical zone from low to medium altitudes. Even in the Equatorial zone, it does not climb mountains higher than 750-800 m. Prefers a hot and relatively dry climate. Young plants die when the temperature drops to minus 1°C for a short time, adults are severely damaged at minus 2°C.

Description of the plant. Scaly anona is a small semi-deciduous tree 2-7 m high or a shrub. The leaves are 5-17 cm long and 2-7 cm wide. The flowers are greenish-yellow, developing one or two at a time. The fruits are yellowish-green, heart-shaped, 7-10 cm in diameter, covered with spherical, fleshy bulges, which are carpels and easily separate after maturation. The flesh is white, sweet, slightly sour, like a sweet cream of egg and milk, very tasty, fragrant, grainy, filled with small brown shiny seeds.

Using. Anona contains (in %): dry matter-24.82, ash-0.67, acids-0.12, protein-1.53, sugars-18.15, fat-0.54 and fiber-1.22. in the Philippines, the edible part of the fruits of scaly anona is 52-57% of their weight, the sugar content ranges from 15.99-18.15%. In Cuba, the edible part is 72%, and the sugar content can reach 21.5%.

Features of cultivation. Scaly anona enters the fruiting period on the 2nd-4th year after planting grafted plants or seedlings. Crop decline is observed after 12-15 years of age. Usually there is no care for plantings, so the yield is low. The average yield per tree is 100-150 fruits. Compared to other Anons, the scaly anon is more productive. Due to the long flowering period, fruit maturation and harvesting are also stretched — from September to November in India, there are fruits on the trees at a later period, but they often do not ripen due to the onset of cool weather. Harvesting is selective and repeated. The fruits do not ripen well enough on the tree, so after harvesting they are kept for ripening in various containers covered with straw. In some subtropical areas, such as the United States (Florida), fruit harvesting takes almost six months. When ripe, the fruits crack on the tree, so they are collected until they reach full maturity, stored in a dry, shaded place, after 1-3 days they become soft and edible. The fruits of the scaly anona are preserved and transported worse than those of the cherimoya. They are mainly eaten fresh and for making ice cream. The seeds of the scaly anona contain an oil similar in composition to that of the peanut.

The main method of propagation is by seed. The seeds remain viable for 3-4 years, but it is better to use fresh seeds. To speed up germination, they are used for soaking or scarification. Seed propagation due to the heterozygosity of seeds has led to the formation of a huge variety of forms. However, in India, it is considered inappropriate to use vegetative propagation of forms that have a high degree of seed homozygosity (Mammut, Balanagar, Red or Raspberry), they retain the properties of mother plants during seed propagation.

Vegetative reproduction of the scaly anona is spreading more and more, various types of oculation are used, mainly by the Fokert method. As rootstocks, seedlings of the same species are used, as well as reticulated anona. When laying gardens, the area of plant nutrition ranges from 4 x 4 to 6 x 6 m. Scaly pine is characterized by good responsiveness to organic and mineral fertilizers, as well as liming.
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