Taraxacum officinale 100+ seeds. Dandelion officinale 2020
6.28
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Dandelion officinale (Latin: Taraxacum officinale) is a perennial herb in the family Compositaceae with a short, thick taproot, usually unbranched, and a rosette of basal leaves.
Leaves glabrous, oblong-lanceolate, more or less deeply excavated peristonadrezannye with lobes, deflected down or plugovidnadrezannye.
Flower arrow is naked, hollow, cylindrical.
The inflorescence is a single apical basket.
Flowers are all ligulate, Golden-yellow, with a tuft.
The wrapper of the basket is green, double.
The inner leaves, standing up, are arranged in a single row, the outer leaves are shorter than the inner ones, bent down.
Fruits-achenes are gray-brown, oblong, narrowed at the top into a spout, bearing a tuft of unbranched hairs on a long leg.
Achenes are located on the flowers, forming a ball, they are easily scattered by a gust of wind.
The whole plant is rich in white milky juice.
Blooms from spring to late autumn.
It grows in meadows, clearings, on grassy slopes, in gardens and on roads.
Medical property.
For medicinal purposes, use the roots and leaves, which are used as bitterness to excite the appetite for anorexia of various etiologies and for anacid gastritis to increase the secretion of digestive glands.
The roots are also used as a choleretic and diuretic.
Used for:
constipations;
diabetes;
renal colic;
gout.
In the treatment of skin diseases:
rashes;
eczemas;
acnes';
atherosclerosis.
Collection, preparation and drying.
Dandelion roots are collected in autumn.
The roots are dug out, washed in water, cut off the root neck and before drying, wilt until the milky juice ceases to stand out from the incisions.
Air-dried or in dryers.
To obtain the extract, the roots and leaves are collected in the spring before the plant blooms.
Raw materials consist of rod-shaped, simple, less often weakly branched roots.
They are longitudinally wrinkled, often spiral-twisted, brittle.
On the cross section and in the break in the wide grayish—white bark, numerous gray groups of milkweeds are visible (under the magnifying glass), the wood is yellow.
The smell is absent, the taste is bittersweet.
Untimely collected roots are lightweight, flabby, with easily lagging bark.
Chemical composition.
The inflorescences and leaves contain carotenoids-taraxanthin, flavoxanthin.
In the roots of plants discovered:
tarksol, taraxasterol;
as well as sterols, up to 24% inulin;
up to 2-3% of rubber, fat oil.
In the composition of the fatty oil consists of glycerin:
palmitic, oleic, linoleic;
delissovoy and zerotinovo acids.
Use for medicinal purposes.
Dandelion root infusion:
brew 200 ml of boiling water 10 g of crushed roots, infuse for 2 hours, strain;
drink 50 ml 4 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
The infusion of the herb dandelion:
10 g of dandelion herb infuse in 400 ml of boiled water for 10-12 hours, strain;
drink 50 ml 4-6 times a day before meals.
A decoction of the herb dandelion:
20 g of dandelion herb boil for 10 minutes in 400 ml of water, infuse for 30 minutes, strain;
drink 50 ml 3-4 times a day after meals.
Decoction of dandelion flowers:
10 g of dandelion flowers boil in 200 ml of water for 15 minutes, infuse for 20-30 minutes, strain;
drink 3-4 times a day.
A decoction of the roots of dandelion:
30 g of crushed dandelion roots boil in 1 liter of water for 15 minutes, infuse for 45 minutes, strain;
drink 100 ml 3 times a day.
Dandelion leaf juice:
wash fresh dandelion leaves thoroughly with cold water;
drain the water, pass the leaves through a meat grinder or juicer;
drink 50 ml 2 times a day.
Dandelion ointment:
5-10 g of crushed roots and dandelion grass infuse in 50 ml of vegetable oil for 10 hours;
lubricate burns, bedsores.
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